Naringenin: What Is It, Skin Benefits & Side Effects

Priya Singh
Fact-Checker: Priya Singh
This article was last updated on: June 2, 2023
Table of Contents

Picture this: you’re standing in the beauty aisle, gazing at rows upon rows of skincare and cosmetic products, each promising to be the one that will change your life. You pick one up and flip to the ingredients list, only to find a chemical jargon that looks like it was taken straight from a high school chemistry class. We’ve all been there, scratching our heads trying to decode these formulas, and wondering whether we should be putting them on our faces.

One such ingredient that often sneaks its way into skincare and cosmetic products is Naringenin. With a name that sounds like it belongs to a magical creature, we can’t help but be intrigued.

In this article, we’ll dive deep into the world of Naringenin, exploring its properties, uses, and benefits for your skin.

What is Naringenin?

Naringenin, an active compound referred to as a flavonoid, is extracted from various citrus fruits like grapefruit and oranges. It might also be referred to as 4H-1-benzopyran-4-one or (-)-naringenin. This antioxidant-rich compound is known for its skin conditioning properties, making it a valuable addition to skincare and cosmetic formulations. It works to potentiate the effects of other ingredients, protect against environmental stressors, and soothe the skin to reveal a brighter, healthier complexion. Naringenin is typically included in a wider formulation of ingredients, with concentrations usually ranging from 0.005 to 0.5%. Though it is not often found as a standalone product, its efficacy lies in its ability to enhance the benefits of other components in the product.

Who Can Use Naringenin?

One of the fantastic things about Naringenin is its versatility, making it suitable for all skin types. Whether you have dry, oily, combination, sensitive, or even acne-prone skin, Naringenin can offer some benefits without causing harm or irritation.

For those mindful of ethical considerations, Naringenin is a plant-derived ingredient, making it suitable for both vegans and vegetarians. It is important, however, to always check the individual product labels to ensure the entire formulation aligns with your ethical preferences.

When it comes to pregnancy and breastfeeding, there’s no evidence to suggest that Naringenin poses any risk. However, it’s always a good idea to consult your healthcare provider before introducing any new skincare or cosmetic ingredients during pregnancy or when breastfeeding. They can provide personalized guidance based on your individual circumstances and ensure the products align with your specific needs.

Naringenin Skin Benefits

Naringenin, with its antioxidant and skin conditioning properties, brings an array of benefits to your skin. Let’s dive into each advantage and understand how this magical ingredient works wonders:

  • Fights free radicals: Rich in antioxidants, Naringenin neutralizes the damaging effects of free radicals, which are responsible for oxidative stress and premature aging. By protecting your skin from these harmful particles, Naringenin helps maintain a youthful appearance and slow down the aging process.
  • Soothes irritation: With its anti-inflammatory properties, Naringenin is ideal for reducing redness and calming irritated skin. It effectively minimizes inflammation, providing relief for sensitive or acne-prone skin types. Its ability to soothe makes it an excellent choice for those experiencing skin discomfort or flare-ups.
  • Strengthens the skin barrier: A healthy skin barrier is essential for maintaining moisture, elasticity, and overall skin health. Naringenin works to bolster the integrity of the skin barrier, preventing moisture loss, and ensuring optimal hydration. A stronger skin barrier translates to a more resilient, better-protected complexion.

It’s important to note that these amazing skin benefits do not last forever. Continual use of Naringenin-containing products is necessary to maintain the positive effects on your skin. Developing a consistent skincare routine with Naringenin will help ensure your skin remains rejuvenated, protected, and glowing.

Naringenin Potential Side Effects

While Naringenin is generally well-tolerated by most users, it’s crucial to remember that each person’s skin is unique. Individual responses to ingredients can vary due to factors like genetics, skin type, and sensitivities. Understanding your own skin and its characteristics is essential in identifying potential reactions to any cosmetic ingredient. To start, you can find your skin type and learn more about what works best for you.

Some potential side effects of Naringenin include:

  • Mild irritation or redness: Though Naringenin has calming and soothing properties, some individuals might still experience mild irritation or redness.
  • Allergic reaction: In rare cases, a person may have an allergic reaction to Naringenin or other ingredients present in the formulation.

If you experience any of these side effects or suspect an adverse reaction to Naringenin or a product containing it, discontinue use immediately and consult your dermatologist for professional advice. They can provide guidance on alternative skincare options that are better suited for your skin type and needs.

It’s essential to emphasize that adverse reactions to Naringenin are rare, and the ingredient is generally considered safe and effective for the majority of users. However, it’s always a wise move to conduct a patch test before incorporating any new cosmetic product into your routine. A patch test helps identify potential irritants or allergens before applying them to a larger area. For guidance on how to perform a patch test, refer to this comprehensive patch-testing guide. By doing so, you ensure a smooth and positive experience as you embark on your Naringenin journey.

Comedogenic Rating

Naringenin scores low on the comedogenic scale, with a rating of 1. This means that it’s unlikely to clog pores, making it a suitable choice for those who are prone to acne and breakouts. Its anti-inflammatory properties can further help soothe irritation associated with acne and blemishes. While it’s essential to take individual skin characteristics into account, Naringenin’s low comedogenic rating and calming effects make it a welcome addition to the skincare routines of acne-prone individuals.


Skincare success often involves a journey of experimentation and trial and error, as everyone’s skin is unique and responds differently to various ingredients and formulations. Naringenin, with its myriad of benefits, low comedogenic rating, and compatibility with different skin types, may be an ideal choice for those looking to enhance their beauty regimen.

While Naringenin has not yet garnered widespread popularity in the skincare world, its versatile properties and compelling skin benefits make it a hidden gem worth exploring. Its ability to potentiate other ingredients, soothe irritation, protect against oxidative stress, and fortify the skin’s barrier showcases its potential as a valuable skincare component.

For any cosmetic ingredient, patience is key. The noticeable results from incorporating Naringenin into your skincare routine may take a few weeks of consistent application. However, the cumulative effects of this antioxidant-rich ingredient can lead to a visibly healthier, more radiant complexion over time.

To sum up, Naringenin is a versatile, plant-derived ingredient with promising skincare benefits, suitable for a wide range of skin types. While it remains relatively under the radar in the beauty world, its potent skin-enhancing properties make it a noteworthy addition to your beauty arsenal. Don’t be afraid to explore and experiment- Naringenin might just be the magical ingredient that takes your skincare game to a whole new level.

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